№ 6 (46), 2022

Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations”. Volume 11, Issue 6 (46), 2022


  • Slizovsky D.E., Zhalnin V.A. "History of Russia" For Non-Historians: Concept and Reading Experience in International Student Environment
  • Trunov I.L. Food Security in Russia
  • Wang Juntao, Kuchumova E.V. The Importance of Confucius Institutes for Chinese Cultural Diplomacy
  • Magadiev M.F. Modern Aspects of Cooperation Russian Federation and PRC in Political and Socio-Economic Spheres
  • Maksimova D.D., Nikolaeva T.S. “Fly-in Fly-Out” Method in the Arctic
  • Saveleva M.A. Problems of the Formation of Statehood in the EAEU Countries after the Collapse of the USSR
  • Tovsultanov R.A., Tovsultanova M.Sh., Galimova L.N. The Arab Diaspora in the United States at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Between Assimilation and Intra-Community Consolidation
  • Yagafarova G.A., Chernova A.S., Egorova D.D., Akhmedyanova R.I. Interethnic and Intercultural Communication of Students in Universities
  • Echimovich M. Features of Trade and Economic Relations of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Serbia at the Present Stage

Our authors № 6-2022

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.001

D.E. SLIZOVSKY Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

V.A. ZHALNIN Head of protocol department Management of the International Protocol of the RUDN, Moscow, Russia


Based on available sources, the article attempts to show, taking into account the experience of teaching the History of Russia in an international student environment, the real and possible refractions of the conceptual changes in this subject. It is shown that the history of Russia and the subject "History of Russia" is not a completed process. And what is relevant is constantly in this unfinished process, focusing on the correlation of historical knowledge, its accessibility for the category of students that today has come into life and come to universities. A number of proposals of a recommendatory order are proposed in order to update the programs of teaching historical knowledge.

Key words: the concept of historical education, the experience of teaching history at RUDN University.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.002

I.L. TRUNOV Doctor of Law, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Food Industry Union, President of the Union of Lawyers of Russia, Moscow, Russia


Food security in today's realities has turned out to be extremely important, so much so that the life and health of people, national security and sovereignty of the country, peace and social peace in society can be at risk. There are no hopes that the market itself will settle all the problems of the food industry anywhere in the world. Everywhere indirectly there is state, often not direct, but strict regulation and planning through a system of quality control, concessional lending, subsidies, state programs for the development of food science and its implementation.

Key words: Food security of Russia, National security and sovereignty of the country, Sanctions, The food industry market, Quality control, preferential lending, subsidizing, state programs for the development of food science, the doctrine of food security of the Russian Federation, Presidential decrees in the field of food security and stability, Climatic aspects, Federal targeted programs.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.003

WANG JUNTAO Political Candidate Sci., Associate Professor Peter the Great Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

E.V. KUCHUMOVA PhD, Associate Professor of the Graduate School of International Relations of the Humanities Institute, Peter the Great Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University, Saint Petersburg, Russia


Introduction. The article discusses the Confucius Institute and its importance for China's cultural diplomacy. With the deepening development of globalization, national soft power has become an object of competition between major powers, and national cultural interests have become an important goal of the diplomatic work of various countries. As the core of China's soft power, cultural diplomacy plays a unique role that is difficult to achieve through political, economic and military diplomacy. The Confucius Institute is cited as a vivid example embodying «soft power» China and China, which has significantly advanced cultural diplomacy.

Goals and objectives. The analysis of the influence and significance of the Confucius Institute for Chinese cultural diplomacy is the main purpose of the work.

Methods. Empirical research methods, search and analysis of materials from mass media, comparison and generalization, as well as methods of content analysis were used in the work.

Results. The 21st century is an era of soft power competition between countries, that is, an era focused on cultural power. As an ancient civilization with a 5,000-year history that has had a profound impact on the world, China, especially when its economy is growing and national power is significantly increasing, should pay more attention to using the potential of culture. The Confucius Institute is an innovative initiative in Chinese cultural diplomacy and is the most striking example of the spread of Chinese culture in the outside world.

Conclusions. The work of the Confucius Institute has just begun. Although there are some potential problems in its construction that need to be solved and improved, in the long term, the Confucius Institute is of great importance for promoting China's cultural diplomacy and improving China's soft power. She achieved the strategic goal of cultural diplomacy "Let China enter the world and let the world understand China" and built a two-way bridge for the international dissemination of culture. In this two-way cultural spread, it continues to grow and mature through its own development and continuous interaction with foreign cultures.

Key words: Confucius Institute, Chinese Culture, cultural diplomacy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.004

M.F. MAGADIEV Candidate of sociological sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration in the foreign policy activities of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Russian Federation, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia


In this article, the author examines the key aspects of the development of Russian-Chinese cooperation in the political and socio-economic spheres against the background of Russia's large-scale opposition to the collective West and the general crisis of the modern system of international relations. Particular attention is paid to the joint efforts of Russia and China in the formation of a multipolar world, as well as ensuring regional and global security. In addition, the author notes the role of cooperation between countries as an important factor in countering Western sanctions policy, which is especially important for Russia in the context of the Special Military Operation in Ukraine.

Key words: international relations, Greater Eurasia, EAEU, Russian Federation, People's Republic of China, Russian-Chinese relations, economic sanctions, Special military operation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.005

D.D. MAKSIMOVA Candidate of political sciences, acting Head of the Department of International Studies of the Institute of Modern Languages and International Studies of the M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia

T.S. NIKOLAEVA Leading Specialist of the Department of International Studies, Institute of Modern Languages and International Studies of the M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia


Today, the Arctic states are facing a number of problems, the main of which are the shortage of qualified personnel, high unemployment and the outflow of the population. That is why the development of human capital in the North and in the Arctic is one of the highest priorities in the policies of the Arctic states. Providing the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation with qualified workers means its successful development, and at the same time securing its rights to use and expand the territory. However, the use of the potential of human capital in the areas of development of natural resources does not guarantee stable and systematic socio-economic development of the Arctic regions. In this regard, there is an alternative method of developing the Arctic – fly-in fly-out method.

The Russian Federation and Canada account for most of the Arctic territory and its natural resources. Therefore, only the second largest Arctic country, Canada, can compare with Russia in the methods of developing such a large territory. It is also worth taking into account the fact that the autochthonous population lives in the northern and Arctic territories of both countries. In order to consider the relevance of the use of the “fly-in fly-out” method in the Russian Arctic, the article makes a comparison with the Canadian experience. The “fly-in fly-out” work method is quite a standard model for modern mining, oil and other industrial enterprises in remote areas as the Arctic. As a result of the study, the authors of the article come to the conclusion that, first of all, the “fly-in fly-out” work method was used for reasons of lack of personnel in the field and economic benefits.

Key words: North, Arctic, Russia, fly-in fly-out method, Canada, USSR, human capital, personnel policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.006

M.A. SAVELEVA Doctor of filosofy (PhD) of Political Sciences, Moscow, Russia


The article discusses the political context of the state building of the EAEU countries as one of the factors in the formation of relations between Russia and Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in the post-Soviet period. The relevance is due to the slowdown of integration processes within the association, the decrease in its public support, the destabilization of the post-Soviet space and the spread of anti-Russian sentiment. The study of the problems of the formation of the statehood of the former Soviet republics makes it possible to introduce a new dimension into the understanding of political processes in the EAEU countries. Objectives: to identify the peculiarities of nation-state building in the post-Soviet space; to determine the problems of interaction between the studied countries in the post-Soviet period. As a result, the author singles out as key problems: the creation of states based on the territorial-administrative structure of the USSR; ethnic contradictions, the lack of mechanisms guaranteeing the representation of the interests of national minorities and their equality at the state level (no one post-Soviet country have mechanisms been created to guarantee the representation of the interests of the Russian-speaking population); the problem of leadership, entailing political crises; opposition political elites of the EAEU countriesof national interests to Russian influence; interference of external players represented by mediator states and international organizations in the politics of the post-Soviet states; a decrease in the share of the Russian-speaking population in all EAEU countries; the lack in the information policy of the studied countries of a clear position on the development and strengthening of relationships. Reliance on the identified problematic field of the formation of statehood in the post-Soviet period contributes to the analysis of current challenges and threats to international relations within the Eurasian region, which is a necessary condition for maintaining and developing the EAEU.

Key words: EAEU, collapse of the USSR, formation of statehood, integration processes, post-Soviet space, post-imperial transit.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.007

R.A. TOVSULTANOV Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor of Modern and Contemporary History Department, Kadyrov Chechen State University, Grozny, Russia

M.Sh. TOVSULTANOVA Lecturer of Foreign Languages Department, Chechen State Pedagogical University, Grozny, Russia

L.N. GALIMOVA Doctor of historical sciences, associate professor, professor of Humanities and Social-Economic Disciplines Department, Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation named after Chief Marshal of Aviation B.P. Bugaev, Ulyanovsk, Russia


The article is devoted to demography, socio-economic condition, political sympathies, self-consciousness and self-presentation of Arab Americans. The authors made a brief analysis of the ethno-cultural and economic state of the largest Arab communities in the United States, showing the role between the connection of their members with the countries of origin and the holding of large-scale festivals of Arab culture and the preservation of national identity. Based on the analysis of the materials of the Arab-American press, numerous interviews and opinion polls, the authors come to the conclusion that the American Arabs are striving to combine respect for their own roots with all-American patriotism.

Key words: Arab-Americans, diaspora, demography, religion, culture, identity, festival, communities, consolidation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.008

G.A. YAGAFAROVA Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Institute of Chemical Technologies and Engineering of USPTU, Sterlitamak, Russia

A.S. CHERNOVA Magister of the Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering USPTU, Sterlitamak, Russia

D.D. EGOROVA Magister of the Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering USPTU, Sterlitamak, Russia

R.I. AKHMEDYANOVA Magister of the Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering USPTU, Sterlitamak, Russia


In the new era of the development of communication between different states, cultural exchange occupies a large part of this area. Therefore, it is necessary to achieve a dynamic balance in the rationalization of cultural exchange. At universities, students are also exposed to the process of cultural exchange, due to the wide provision of opportunities by Russian universities for students from other countries to study. Therefore, the task arises to support the interacting people in achieving harmony, without paying attention to cross-cultural differences, and in cultivating qualities that will have a positive impact on each of the sides of the representatives of the interacting culture.

Key words: dialogue, reflection, communication barriers, communication, culture.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.46.6.009

M. ECHIMOVICH Master student of the Department of Theory and History International Relations (TIMO) of the Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Moscow, Russia


The main Russian ally in the Balkans today is the Republic of Serbia, with which, since the 2000s, the Russian Federation has had a rapid and successful development of trade and economic cooperation, reaching a qualitatively new level in recent years.

The article analyses Russian-Serbian trade and economic relations at the present stage and discusses the negative factors affecting their development.

Serbia, despite its strategically anchored EU course and serious pressure from the West, remains the only European country that has not joined the anti-Russian sanctions. Moreover, Moscow and Belgrade continue to develop joint economic, energy and infrastructure projects. For Serbia, Russia is one of its main trade and economic partners and the main provider of energy security.

Nevertheless, despite significant progress achieved in the economic sphere in recent years, given the current difficult international environment, there is a serious need to increase bilateral economic ties and areas of cooperation.

Key words: Balkans, Republic of Serbia, Russian Federation, Russian-Serbian cooperation, global economy, trade and economic relations, Western sanctions policy, energy issue.