№ 4 (22), 2017

Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations”. Volume 8, Issue 3 (29), 2019.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Pryakhin V.F. Does Communism Have a Future as an Ideological Worls View? Does the World Need National Ideas?
  • Yavchunovskaya R.A. Crisis of Moral Culture of the Modern Society
  • Vinogradov V.V. Ukrainian Dichotomy: West and East in Electoral Cycles

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Gurinovich D.F. BRICS Role in the Eurasian Partnership
  • Evstigneeva E.Z. Specifics of Political Socialization in the Conditions of Instability of the Political System of the Republic of Moldova

REVIEWS

Slizovskiy D.E., Medvedev N.P. Aspects of Political Separatism. Reflections on the read

Our authors № 3-2019

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.29.3.001

V.F. PRYAKHIN D.Sc. (political science), Professor (International Relations Dept., RSHU) Professor (Diplomacy Dept., MGIMO-University), Moscow, Russia

DOES COMMUNISM HAVE A FUTURE AS AN IDEOLOGICAL WORLS VIEW?

Does the world need national ideas?

The modern Western world boasts of its ideological vacuum. Deideologization is elevated t to the rank of top virtues in politics and political science. Pragmatism, focus on achieving specific goals and solving palpable practical problems are highlighted as main strategic priorities. The simple truth is ignored however that pragmatism, consumerism and things fetish are also varieties of ideology. But this ideology is amorphous. It doesn’t captain of a clear prospects for the development of the world and individual countries. These kind of ideologies lead to nowhere. And this nowhere in the nuclear cybernetic age means the “black hole” of our civilization.

This "black hole" can only be bypassed if there is a clear goal setting for building an integral world that unites people of different social strata, ethnic groups and faiths. Only n such goal setting can the bases for the much-needed democratic global governance. Forming such a worldview, the presented author considers, is impossible without the “work on mistakes” committed by he ideologists of the past and present. What are these errors and what are the ways to correct them?

Key words: ideology, worldview, global problems, global governance, consumerism, communism, fideism, itsism, passionarity, religion.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.29.3.002

R.A. YAVCHUNOVSKAYA Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

CRISIS OF MORAL CULTURE OF THE MODERN SOCIETY

In her article, the author analyzes the crisis that is going through modern society. The crisis, of course, is connected with the problems not only politics, economy, ecology, energy, etc., but also with the sphere of culture and morality. Even Berdyaev in his work “New middle ages” wrote, that “the crisis of modern culture began long ago. It was realized by the great artists. Wars, revolutions, external catastrophes only revealed outside the internal crisis of culture.”

Key words: culture, society, reforms, values, psychological warfare, information tools, politics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.29.3.003

V.V. VINOGRADOV intern researcher, Center for Spatial Analysis of International Relations, Institute of International Studies, MGIMO, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

UKRAINIAN DICHOTOMY: WEST AND EAST IN ELECTORAL CYCLES

The end of November 2013 is the most important date for the modern history of Ukraine, it was a trial to break through the current system and to quicken the integration with the EU. According to the original idea, the breakdown of the clan-oligarchic system and integration with European political and legal institutions should lead to rapid growth of the Ukrainian economy, as well as to its reorientation to Europe. But in 2019 it is clear that Euromaidan has not reached its original goals. It was nearly impossible to break the ties with Russia at least because of Ukraine’s gas dependence. Attempts to buy gas from Europe and the conflict between Naftogaz and Gazprom led to negative consequences for the country's energy security. European markets capacity can not be compared with the turnover with Russia, and the war in the Donbass deprived an important center of heavy industry and led to excessive spending on rearmament of the Ukrainian army. All this issues are reflected in the political program of the new president of Ukraine, Vladimir Zelensky, who seeks to implement more pragmatic policy than his predecessor, Petro Poroshenko. Now the new president faces a very difficult task: the need to balance between the interests of his own country, creditors, Western allies and Russia (only cooperation with Russia can facilitate the crisis in eastern Ukraine). The extraordinary parliamentary elections scheduled in July 21, 2019, allowed the president to consolidate power in his hands, to get rid of supporters of Petro Poroshenko and his last leverages. The article is an attempt to analyze the electoral cycles of the parliamentary elections in Ukraine from the standpoint of the dichotomy of the West and the East.

Key words: Ukraine, electoral cycles, Euromaidan, Verkhovna Rada, dichotomy.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.29.3.004

D.F. GURINOVICH candidate of the Department of applied analysis of international problems MGIMO, Moscow, Russia

BRICS ROLE IN THE EURASIAN PARTNERSHIP

In the article the author analyzes the issues of partnership for effective, intensive and equal international cooperation not only in the interests of the member States of the Eurasian space, but also to ensure the maximum level of stability between the integration Association of the CIS countries with the countries of Eurasia. The author emphasizes that in the conditions of crisis of global projects, the importance of regional cooperation associated with competition and investment attractiveness, as well as with the goals of ensuring security and progressive, progressive development, is growing.

Key words: BRICS, Eurasia, partnership, cooperation, investment, competitiveness.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.29.3.005

E.Z. EVSTIGNEEVA PhD student at the doctoral school of political science of the faculty of international relations, political and administrative sciences, Moldovan State University, Kishinev, Republic of Moldova

SPECIFICS OF POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF INSTABILITY OF THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

When changing types of political culture, certain difficulties arise are in transferring political experience in the modern political system of the Republic of Moldova. The methods of political socialization, in general, and the adaptation of youth to socio-political realities, in particular, are being transformed. The experience of previous generations is leveled and become an irrelevant element of political socialization. The possibility of transferring political experience from the older to the younger generation is a thing of the past. The knowledge acquired objectively becomes more significant elements of political socialization and, already the older generation receives the indicated from progressive youth. One of the fundamental goals for countries with an unstable political system is to create conditions for an effective and harmonious public dialogue between civil society and the state. Mediation practices are used as a formative system of such a dialogue.

Key words: political socialization process, political experience, political culture, mediation practices, civil society, state, youth policy.

REVIEWS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.29.3.006

D.Е. SLIZOVSKIY Doctor of sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ASPECTS OF POLITICAL SEPARATISM. REFLECTIONS ON THE READ

In article under review the author describes the sources of modern political separatism. He analyzes its driving forces and their main resource opportunities. An attempt is made to assess the current situation, theoretical foundations of political separatism on the basis of recent years scientific literature. Exploring the main causes of separatism in Ukraine and in European countries the author is making some predictions about the possible scenarios of separatism settlement.

Key words: political separatism, the source of separatism, theoretical foundations of separatism, separatism in Ukraine, separatism in Europe, the forecast for political stability.

OUR AUTHORS

EVSTIGNEEVA E.Z. – PhD student at the doctoral school of political science of the faculty of international relations, political and administrative sciences, Moldovan State University, Kishinev, Republic of Moldova.

GURINOVICH D.F. – Candidate of the Department of applied analysis of international problems MGIMO, Moscow, Russia.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

PRYAKHIN V.F. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor (International Relations Dept., RSHU), Professor (Diplomacy Dept., MGIMO-University), Moscow, Russia.

SLIZOVSKIY D.E. – Doctor of sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

VINOGRADOV V.V. – Intern researcher, Center for Spatial Analysis of International Relations, Institute of International Studies, MGIMO, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

YAVCHUNOVSKAYA R.A. – Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations”. Volume 8, Issue 2 (28), 2019.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Medvedev N.P. Today Problems of Interregional Cooperation and Reintegration in the Post-Soviet Space
  • Buyanov V.S. Russian World as a Civilizational Cultural Space
  • Luzan A.A. My Reflections about I. Stalin
  • Nenashev A.N., Schmidt V.V. Professional Standard of “An Expert in the Field of Ethnic and Religious Relations”: Political Aspect and Ideological Context

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Zhiltsov S.S. Role of the Eurasian Economic Union in Geopolitical Processes in the Post-Soviet Space (part two)
  • Yavchunovskaya R.A. Current State of Security Policy of the Commonwealth

REVIEWS

Pryakhin V.F. Review of the Article by Luzan А.А. “My Reflections about I. Stalin”

Suleymanova Sh.S. Review of the Article by Luzan А.А. “My Reflections about I. Stalin”

Our authors № 2-2019

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

TODAY PROBLEMS OF INTERREGIONAL COOPERATION AND REINTEGRATION IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE

Objective circumstances compel the political leaders of member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States to seek non-traditional forms of interregional cooperation between former Republics of the Soviet Union and now sovereign countries. Exactly because of that, many forms of regional and interregional cooperation within the CIS, which are international in their form, in their content of everyday relationships are difficult to distinguish from traditional inter-republican, inter-regional or inter-city relations that existed within the framework of the USSR. This is largely facilitated by the simplified border and customs regime, as well as the possibility in recent years for the citizens of the former Soviet Union to become Russian citizens through a simplified procedure. It is no coincidence that in the structure of the Russian Government for many years the Ministry for cooperation with CIS member states existed on a par with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and in the State Duma these problems are considered by the Committee on the CIS along with the Committee on international affairs. The Eurasian Economic Union has become a new form of economic cooperation among Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia.

Key words: reintegration, regional cooperation, CIS, simplified border and customs regime, Eurasian Economic Union, post-Soviet space, regional conflicts.

V.S. BUYANOV Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIAN WORLD AS A CIVILIZATIONAL CULTURAL SPACE

The article investigates the concept of "Russian world" in its philosophical, cultural and geopolitical aspects. Two components of this world – the Russian Federation and the Russian abroad-are considered. The attitude to the Russian world from other States is analyzed.

Key words: Russian world, compatriots abroad, geopolitical space, migration, Russian language, diasporialnaja policies, Russian civilization.

А.А. LUZAN Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Political Science, Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Political Sciences, Kramatorsk, Ukraine

MY REFLECTIONS ABOUT I. STALIN

In the world there are two ways to control society – autocratic and democratic, between which the struggle takes place. Both methods of management originate in ancient society. In modern times, the developers of the autocratic method were J.-J. Rousseau and K. Marx, and the democratic – D. Locke. The Bolsheviks inherited the first method of governing society. I. Stalin belonged to them. Under the leadership of I. Stalin, industrialization, collectivization, victory in the Great Patriotic War (The Eastern Front of World War II), the creation of a modern education system and the medical care system, the development of the atomic bomb took place.

The dark shadow of the I. Stalin leadership should be recognized the excessive number of those who died from hunger, repressions, and the doctors & apos; affairs.

Key words: the way of society control, construction of the socialism in one country, industrialization, collectivization, victory in Great Patriotic War, education system, the system of health service.

A.N. NENASHEV Deputy Head of the Department of National Unity and Prevention of extremism on national and religious grounds of the Federal Agency for National Affairs, Moscow, Russia

V.V. SCHMIDT Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, State First Class Counsellor of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Assembly of Peoples of Russia, member of the Governing Council of the Association of Russian religious studies centers, Director of the Center for religious and ethno-cultural studies and expertise, Moscow, Russia

PROFESSIONAL STANDARD OF “AN EXPERT IN THE FIELD OF ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS RELATIONS”: POLITICAL ASPECT AND IDEOLOGICAL CONTEXT

The article presents the concept and approaches to the professional standard of the qualification of “An expert in the field of ethnic and religious relations” and the text of the original version sent to the Russian Ministry of Labor in fulfillment of the Order of the President of the Russian Federation. The article also demonstrates the differences with the final version of the professional standard, which entered into force on 07.09.2018.

Key words: ethno-politics, ethnic relations, religious attitudes, standards and standardization, professional standard.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

S.S. ZHILTSOV Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair, Russian Foreign Ministry Diplomatic Academy, Professor at the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ROLE OF THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION IN GEOPOLITICAL PROCESSES IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE (PART TWO)

Almost immediately after the collapse of the USSR in the late 1991, new independent states faced the challenge of establishing economic relations in the new geopolitical conditions. Part of the post-Soviet states, such as Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova did not support the initiative to create integration associations, advocating the weakening of economic relations with Russia and reorientation of foreign economic relations to European countries and USA. Another group of countries: Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and some Central Asian states were adherents of economic integration, viewing it as an opportunity to preserve their industry and implement industrialization plans. The need for economic cooperation was determined by the objective tasks of safeguarding the industrial potential created during the period of the Soviet Union and the need to address the existing socioeconomic problems. These two approaches defined different, often diametrically opposite attitudes of the post-Soviet countries towards integration and assessment of the prospects of their future relationships.

Problems of establishing interaction on a new basis, proceeding from their national interests were acute in the post-Soviet countries since the collapse of the USSR. These countries have repeatedly tried to implement integration projects. However, not all of them were successful due to different approaches to cooperation and unwillingness to transfer a part of national sovereignty. However, due to domestic political development and the need to preserve the existing economic potential, the greatest attention to cooperation within the post-Soviet space was paid by Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. For the past twenty years, these countries have been the "core" of integration organizations, being consistent supporters of expanding trade and economic cooperation.

In the last five years, the Eurasian economic Union (EEU), which includes Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kazakhstan is one of the most promising integration projects. The formation of the EAEU was preceded by the creation of Customs Union and Common Economic Space, aimed at enhancing cooperation and preservation of the industrial potential.

Creation of the EAEU became possible due to the increased interest of a number of post-Soviet countries in deepening cooperation on a multilateral basis. In addition, the difficult situation in industry, limited capacity to establish and develop equal trade and economic relations with Western countries forced the countries of the post-Soviet space to turn towards their own neighbors. An additional factor in the development of integration interactions are domestic and foreign policy factors, first of all, the policy of non-regional states.

The article discusses the results of the activities of the Eurasian Economic Union, analyzes factors hindering the expansion of cooperation of the EAEU member states, as well as possible directions of integration development.

Key words: Eurasian integration, Eurasian Economic Union, Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia.

R.А. YAVCHUNOVSKAYA Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

CURRENT STATE OF SECURITY POLICY OF THE COMMONWEALTH

The author of the article comes to the conclusion that the policy of national security of the Commonwealth lies in the field of solving the problems of regional nature in military-defense, integration and communication-information interaction.

Key words: security policy, regional cooperation.

REVIEWS

REVIEW

of the Article by Luzan А.А. “My Reflections about I. Stalin”

Reviewer:

V.F. Pryakhin D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Department of Area Studies and Foreign Policy, RSHU, Moscow, Russia

REVIEW

on article A.A. Lusan “My thoughts on I. Stalin”

Reviewer:

Sh.S. Suleymanova Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations”. Volume 8, Issue 1 (27), 2019.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Medvedev N.P. Election of the President of Ukraine: Manipulative Election Technologies and Transformation of the Electoral Institute
  • Suleymanova Sh.S. Media – “Soft Force” Management of Public Opinion
  • Khanova E.Sh. Violation of the Right to Freedom of Conscience and Religion: Problems and Development Prospects in Russia

EURASIAN INTEGRATION

  • Zhiltsov S.S. The Role of the Eurasian Economic Union in Geopolitical Processes in the Post-Soviet Space (Part One)

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLITICS

  • Pryakhin V.F. World Political Process of the XXI Century as a War for “Soviet Legacy”
  • Beresnev D.N., Beresnev R.A., Slizovskiy D.E. Russian-German Scientific, Technical and Educational Cooperation: Status and Prospects
  • Nriambanuna Suamirai Alice Сurrent State of the Demographics of Madagascar

Our authors № 1-2019

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of Political Science, professor at The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ELECTION OF THE PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE: MANIPULATIVE ELECTION TECHNOLOGIES AND TRANSFORMATION OF THE ELECTORAL INSTITUTE

The article analyzes the possible scenarios of the 2019 presidential elections in Ukraine. The analysis of the formation of the institute of democratic elections and the use of propaganda technologies in different electoral cycles in modern Ukraine put on the agenda the consideration of the realization of the right of the citizens to information during the election campaigns. The relevance of this problem is associated with the widespread use of manipulative technologies in the electoral process during the presidential elections in Ukraine. The institution of elections is also particularly important because historically elections in the post-Soviet states have never been a genuinely democratic institution. In this context, it is the historical tradition that largely influences the electoral culture of Ukrainian voters during the election of the President of Ukraine. A turning point in the transformation of the Soviet mobilization model of elections to the competitive model was the adoption of Ukraine's policy of integration with the European Union.

Key words: elections of the President of Ukraine, institute of democracy, realization of the rights of the citizens to information, electoral culture, manipulative technologies.

Sh.S. SULEYMANOVA Doctor of Political Sciences Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

MEDIA – “SOFT FORCE” MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC OPINION

Information security of the state in the modern world is of particular importance. Confrontation in the information field between states has increased significantly. Media policies of leading countries are focused on the use of mass media in order to effectively influence the audience. Only in this way it is possible to achieve information superiority and goals at the present stage, which also actualizes the need for research in this area.

Media in contemporary informational conflicts is one of the key tools of influence. At the same time, their role as a factor that manipulates the consciousness and behavior of the audience becomes increasingly important. A strong influence on the psychological state of a person, and his perception of the surrounding world, has the content, form and dynamics of messages transmitted by the media.

In the process of globalization of information processes, the intensity of the influence of the media and on the formation of political attitudes, value orientations, stereotypes in the minds of citizens is increasing.

The author notes that the current situation on the world stage is characterized by the increasing influence of the media as “soft power” – a tool of non-intrusive influence on the system of international relations. The emphasis on the use by world powers of military force as a priority means of ensuring state security has shifted towards flexible factors.

Key words: information, technology, media, conflict, information space, public opinion, strategy.

E.Sh. KHANOVA student at the Law Institute Bashkir State University Ufa, Russia

VIOLATION OF THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE AND RELIGION: PROBLEMS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS IN RUSSIA

In his paper, the author analyzes the reason for the adoption of the Federal law “On Amendments to Article 148 of the Criminal Code and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation with the Aim of Protecting Religious Convictions and Feelings of Citizens Against Insults” and puts forward its own suggestions concerning specifying some notation concepts of this law with the purpose of effective protection of freedom of conscience of citizens not professing any religion or holding other beliefs and opinions, evidently different from the religious ones.

Key words: freedom of conscience and religion, human rights, Constitution.

EURASIAN INTEGRATION

S.S. ZHILTSOV Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair at the Diplomatic Academy of the RF Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Professor at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION IN GEOPOLITICAL PROCESSES IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE (Part one)

Almost immediately after the collapse of the USSR in late 1991, new independent states faced the problem of establishing economic relations in the new geopolitical conditions. Herewith, a part of the post-Soviet states – Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova – did not support the initiatives to create integration associations, advocating for the weakening of economic relations with Russia and reorientation of foreign economic relations to European countries and the United States. Another group of states – Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, some of the Central Asian states – were supporters of economic integration, viewing it as an opportunity to preserve their industry and implement their industrialization plans. The need for economic cooperation was determined by the tasks of preservation of industrial potential, created during the Soviet Union, and the need to address the current social and economic problems. These two approaches determined different, often diametrically opposed approaches of post-Soviet countries to the integration and assessment of the prospects of their future relationships.

The problems of establishing cooperation on a new basis, proceeding from their national interests, were facing the post-Soviet countries since the collapse of the USSR. They have repeatedly tried to implement the integration projects. However, not all of them were successful because of the different approaches to the cooperation and unwillingness to transfer apart of national sovereignty. However, because of the internal political development and the need to maintain the existing economic potential, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan paid the greatest attention to the cooperation within the post-Soviet space. For the past twenty years, these countries have been the "core" of integration organizations, acting as consistent supporters of expanding trade and economic cooperation.

During the last five years, the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) has become one of the most promising integration projects, it unites Russia, Belarus Kazakhstan and Armenia. The formation of the EAEU was preceded by the projects on creation of the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space aimed broader cooperation and preservation of industrial potential.The creation of the EAEU became possible due to the increased interest of a number of post-Soviet countries in deeper cooperation on a multilateral basis.In addition, the difficult situation in industry, limited opportunities for the establishment and development of equal trade and economic relations with Western countries are forcing the post-Soviet states to turn to their neighbors. An additional factor in the development of integration interactions are domestic and foreign policy factors, first of all, the policy of non-regional states.

The article deals with the results of the Eurasian Economic Union, analyzes the factors that prevent expansion of cooperation of the EAEU member states, as well as consideres possible directions of development of the integration association.

Key words: Eurasian integration, Eurasian Economic Union, Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLITICS

V.F. PRYAKHIN D.Sc. (political science), Professor (International Relations Dept., RSHU), Professor (Diplomacy Dept., MGIMO-University), Moscow, Russia

WORLD POLITICAL PROCESS OF THE XXI CENTURY AS A WAR FOR “SOVIET LEGACY”

The global political process is the history of rivalry, confrontation and conflicts between different centers of power. For centuries the objects of these conflicts have been the so-called "vacuums of influence" formed as result of political influence loosing by different states and empires. The stages of this process are known as wars of Austrian, English, Spanish, French, etc. successions.

Nowadays, this classical political paradigm is adapted as peculiar «war of Soviet succession" – a kind of struggle for filling the far-fetched vacuum of power that was formed on the post-Soviet area. It is in this rivalry that the author of this article sees the sense of the policy of the Western powers in the Eurasian space.

But is it possible in the 21st century to repeat the classic stratagems of the Middle Ages? And if not, why? The author formulates the answers of his own to these questions.

Key words: center of power, superpower, multipolarity, globalization, global problems, sustainable development, global governance.

D.N. BERESNEV director of the Institute of international education Moscow state food production, Moscow, Russia

R.A. BERESNEV bachelor in international law of RUDN, Moscow, Russia

D.E. SLIZOVSKIY Professor of RUDN, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIAN-GERMAN SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND EDUCATIONAL COOPERATION: STATUS AND PROSPECTS

The article analyzes the state and prospects of cooperation between Russia and Germany on the basis of open sources. The aim was to show that education, scientific and technological cooperation make a serious contribution to mutual understanding of peoples and international cooperation. The governments, scientists, professors and lecturers of the universities of the two countries have set themselves ambitious plans for the next 10 years. At the same time, these plans are already based on long-term, diverse trust-based cooperation, which creates a seemingly reliable Foundation for such promising work, although there are and will likely be obstacles and difficulties for such cooperation. According to the results of our study, the nature of all kinds of obstacles and difficulties in the development of scientific and educational cooperation is determined not only by the difference between the Russian and German mentalities and the ways of thinking derived from them, approaches in the vision of the strategy of such cooperation. But also the attitude to the priorities in the structure of the global world order, its dominant subjects and ways to defend and protect their interests, including in the field of science, new technologies and education.

Key words: international cooperation between Russia and Germany, Russian-German cooperation in the field of science and education.

NRIAMBANUNA SUAMIRAI ALICE PhD student of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Madagascar

СURRENT STATE OF THE DEMOGRAPHICS OF MADAGASCAR

The article presents data on the demographic status of Madagascar to date. It determines the growth rate of the population of Madagascar. The article also describes the factors of growth in the country's population.

Key words: demographics, Madagascar, politics, birth, mortality, growth, population.

OUR AUTHORS

BUYANOV V.S. – Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

LUZAN A.A. – Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Political Science, Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Political Sciences, Kramatorsk, Ukraine.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

NENASHEV A.N. – Deputy Head of the Department of National Unity and Prevention of extremism on national and religious grounds of the Federal Agency for National Affairs, Moscow, Russia.

PRYAKHIN V.F. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Department of Area Studies and Foreign Policy, RSHU, Moscow, Russia.

SCHMIDT V.V. – Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, State First Class Counsellor of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Assembly of Peoples of Russia, member of the Governing Council of the Association of Russian religious studies centers, Director of the Center for religious and ethno-cultural studies and expertise, Moscow, Russia.

SULEYMANOVA Sh.S. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

YAVCHUNOVSKAYA R.A. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

ZHILTSOV S.S. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair, Russian Foreign Ministry Diplomatic Academy, Professor at the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

OUR AUTHORS

BERESNEV D.N. – director of the Institute of international education Moscow state food production, Moscow, Russia.

BERESNEV R.A. – bachelor of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

KHANOVA E.Sh. – student at the Law Institute Bashkir State University Ufa, Russia.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of Political Science, professor at The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

NRIAMBANUNA SUAMIRAI ALICE – PhD student of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Madagascar.

PRYAKHIN V.F. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Department of Area Studies and Foreign Policy, RSHU, Moscow, Russia.

SLIZOVSKIY D.E. – Professor of RUDN, Moscow, Russia.

SULEYMANOVA Sh.S. – Doctor of Political Sciences Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

ZHILTSOV S.S. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair at the Diplomatic Academy of the RF Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Professor at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia. </p

   
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