Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations”. Volume 8, Issue 2 (28), 2019.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Medvedev N.P. Today Problems of Interregional Cooperation and Reintegration in the Post-Soviet Space
  • Buyanov V.S. Russian World as a Civilizational Cultural Space
  • Luzan A.A. My Reflections about I. Stalin
  • Nenashev A.N., Schmidt V.V. Professional Standard of “An Expert in the Field of Ethnic and Religious Relations”: Political Aspect and Ideological Context

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Zhiltsov S.S. Role of the Eurasian Economic Union in Geopolitical Processes in the Post-Soviet Space (part two)
  • Yavchunovskaya R.A. Current State of Security Policy of the Commonwealth

REVIEWS

Pryakhin V.F. Review of the Article by Luzan А.А. “My Reflections about I. Stalin”

Suleymanova Sh.S. Review of the Article by Luzan А.А. “My Reflections about I. Stalin”

Our authors № 2-2019

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

TODAY PROBLEMS OF INTERREGIONAL COOPERATION AND REINTEGRATION IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE

Objective circumstances compel the political leaders of member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States to seek non-traditional forms of interregional cooperation between former Republics of the Soviet Union and now sovereign countries. Exactly because of that, many forms of regional and interregional cooperation within the CIS, which are international in their form, in their content of everyday relationships are difficult to distinguish from traditional inter-republican, inter-regional or inter-city relations that existed within the framework of the USSR. This is largely facilitated by the simplified border and customs regime, as well as the possibility in recent years for the citizens of the former Soviet Union to become Russian citizens through a simplified procedure. It is no coincidence that in the structure of the Russian Government for many years the Ministry for cooperation with CIS member states existed on a par with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and in the State Duma these problems are considered by the Committee on the CIS along with the Committee on international affairs. The Eurasian Economic Union has become a new form of economic cooperation among Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia.

Key words: reintegration, regional cooperation, CIS, simplified border and customs regime, Eurasian Economic Union, post-Soviet space, regional conflicts.

V.S. BUYANOV Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIAN WORLD AS A CIVILIZATIONAL CULTURAL SPACE

The article investigates the concept of "Russian world" in its philosophical, cultural and geopolitical aspects. Two components of this world – the Russian Federation and the Russian abroad-are considered. The attitude to the Russian world from other States is analyzed.

Key words: Russian world, compatriots abroad, geopolitical space, migration, Russian language, diasporialnaja policies, Russian civilization.

А.А. LUZAN Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Political Science, Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Political Sciences, Kramatorsk, Ukraine

MY REFLECTIONS ABOUT I. STALIN

In the world there are two ways to control society – autocratic and democratic, between which the struggle takes place. Both methods of management originate in ancient society. In modern times, the developers of the autocratic method were J.-J. Rousseau and K. Marx, and the democratic – D. Locke. The Bolsheviks inherited the first method of governing society. I. Stalin belonged to them. Under the leadership of I. Stalin, industrialization, collectivization, victory in the Great Patriotic War (The Eastern Front of World War II), the creation of a modern education system and the medical care system, the development of the atomic bomb took place.

The dark shadow of the I. Stalin leadership should be recognized the excessive number of those who died from hunger, repressions, and the doctors & apos; affairs.

Key words: the way of society control, construction of the socialism in one country, industrialization, collectivization, victory in Great Patriotic War, education system, the system of health service.

A.N. NENASHEV Deputy Head of the Department of National Unity and Prevention of extremism on national and religious grounds of the Federal Agency for National Affairs, Moscow, Russia

V.V. SCHMIDT Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, State First Class Counsellor of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Assembly of Peoples of Russia, member of the Governing Council of the Association of Russian religious studies centers, Director of the Center for religious and ethno-cultural studies and expertise, Moscow, Russia

PROFESSIONAL STANDARD OF “AN EXPERT IN THE FIELD OF ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS RELATIONS”: POLITICAL ASPECT AND IDEOLOGICAL CONTEXT

The article presents the concept and approaches to the professional standard of the qualification of “An expert in the field of ethnic and religious relations” and the text of the original version sent to the Russian Ministry of Labor in fulfillment of the Order of the President of the Russian Federation. The article also demonstrates the differences with the final version of the professional standard, which entered into force on 07.09.2018.

Key words: ethno-politics, ethnic relations, religious attitudes, standards and standardization, professional standard.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

S.S. ZHILTSOV Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair, Russian Foreign Ministry Diplomatic Academy, Professor at the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ROLE OF THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION IN GEOPOLITICAL PROCESSES IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE (PART TWO)

Almost immediately after the collapse of the USSR in the late 1991, new independent states faced the challenge of establishing economic relations in the new geopolitical conditions. Part of the post-Soviet states, such as Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova did not support the initiative to create integration associations, advocating the weakening of economic relations with Russia and reorientation of foreign economic relations to European countries and USA. Another group of countries: Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and some Central Asian states were adherents of economic integration, viewing it as an opportunity to preserve their industry and implement industrialization plans. The need for economic cooperation was determined by the objective tasks of safeguarding the industrial potential created during the period of the Soviet Union and the need to address the existing socioeconomic problems. These two approaches defined different, often diametrically opposite attitudes of the post-Soviet countries towards integration and assessment of the prospects of their future relationships.

Problems of establishing interaction on a new basis, proceeding from their national interests were acute in the post-Soviet countries since the collapse of the USSR. These countries have repeatedly tried to implement integration projects. However, not all of them were successful due to different approaches to cooperation and unwillingness to transfer a part of national sovereignty. However, due to domestic political development and the need to preserve the existing economic potential, the greatest attention to cooperation within the post-Soviet space was paid by Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. For the past twenty years, these countries have been the "core" of integration organizations, being consistent supporters of expanding trade and economic cooperation.

In the last five years, the Eurasian economic Union (EEU), which includes Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kazakhstan is one of the most promising integration projects. The formation of the EAEU was preceded by the creation of Customs Union and Common Economic Space, aimed at enhancing cooperation and preservation of the industrial potential.

Creation of the EAEU became possible due to the increased interest of a number of post-Soviet countries in deepening cooperation on a multilateral basis. In addition, the difficult situation in industry, limited capacity to establish and develop equal trade and economic relations with Western countries forced the countries of the post-Soviet space to turn towards their own neighbors. An additional factor in the development of integration interactions are domestic and foreign policy factors, first of all, the policy of non-regional states.

The article discusses the results of the activities of the Eurasian Economic Union, analyzes factors hindering the expansion of cooperation of the EAEU member states, as well as possible directions of integration development.

Key words: Eurasian integration, Eurasian Economic Union, Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia.

R.А. YAVCHUNOVSKAYA Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

CURRENT STATE OF SECURITY POLICY OF THE COMMONWEALTH

The author of the article comes to the conclusion that the policy of national security of the Commonwealth lies in the field of solving the problems of regional nature in military-defense, integration and communication-information interaction.

Key words: security policy, regional cooperation.

REVIEWS

REVIEW

of the Article by Luzan А.А. “My Reflections about I. Stalin”

Reviewer:

V.F. Pryakhin D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Department of Area Studies and Foreign Policy, RSHU, Moscow, Russia

REVIEW

on article A.A. Lusan “My thoughts on I. Stalin”

Reviewer:

Sh.S. Suleymanova Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

OUR AUTHORS

BUYANOV V.S. – Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

LUZAN A.A. – Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Political Science, Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Political Sciences, Kramatorsk, Ukraine.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

NENASHEV A.N. – Deputy Head of the Department of National Unity and Prevention of extremism on national and religious grounds of the Federal Agency for National Affairs, Moscow, Russia.

PRYAKHIN V.F. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Department of Area Studies and Foreign Policy, RSHU, Moscow, Russia.

SCHMIDT V.V. – Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Professor, State First Class Counsellor of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Assembly of Peoples of Russia, member of the Governing Council of the Association of Russian religious studies centers, Director of the Center for religious and ethno-cultural studies and expertise, Moscow, Russia.

SULEYMANOVA Sh.S. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

YAVCHUNOVSKAYA R.A. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

ZHILTSOV S.S. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair, Russian Foreign Ministry Diplomatic Academy, Professor at the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations”. Volume 8, Issue 1 (27), 2019.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Medvedev N.P. Election of the President of Ukraine: Manipulative Election Technologies and Transformation of the Electoral Institute
  • Suleymanova Sh.S. Media – “Soft Force” Management of Public Opinion
  • Khanova E.Sh. Violation of the Right to Freedom of Conscience and Religion: Problems and Development Prospects in Russia

EURASIAN INTEGRATION

  • Zhiltsov S.S. The Role of the Eurasian Economic Union in Geopolitical Processes in the Post-Soviet Space (Part One)

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLITICS

  • Pryakhin V.F. World Political Process of the XXI Century as a War for “Soviet Legacy”
  • Beresnev D.N., Beresnev R.A., Slizovskiy D.E. Russian-German Scientific, Technical and Educational Cooperation: Status and Prospects
  • Nriambanuna Suamirai Alice Сurrent State of the Demographics of Madagascar

Our authors № 1-2019

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of Political Science, professor at The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ELECTION OF THE PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE: MANIPULATIVE ELECTION TECHNOLOGIES AND TRANSFORMATION OF THE ELECTORAL INSTITUTE

The article analyzes the possible scenarios of the 2019 presidential elections in Ukraine. The analysis of the formation of the institute of democratic elections and the use of propaganda technologies in different electoral cycles in modern Ukraine put on the agenda the consideration of the realization of the right of the citizens to information during the election campaigns. The relevance of this problem is associated with the widespread use of manipulative technologies in the electoral process during the presidential elections in Ukraine. The institution of elections is also particularly important because historically elections in the post-Soviet states have never been a genuinely democratic institution. In this context, it is the historical tradition that largely influences the electoral culture of Ukrainian voters during the election of the President of Ukraine. A turning point in the transformation of the Soviet mobilization model of elections to the competitive model was the adoption of Ukraine's policy of integration with the European Union.

Key words: elections of the President of Ukraine, institute of democracy, realization of the rights of the citizens to information, electoral culture, manipulative technologies.

Sh.S. SULEYMANOVA Doctor of Political Sciences Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

MEDIA – “SOFT FORCE” MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC OPINION

Information security of the state in the modern world is of particular importance. Confrontation in the information field between states has increased significantly. Media policies of leading countries are focused on the use of mass media in order to effectively influence the audience. Only in this way it is possible to achieve information superiority and goals at the present stage, which also actualizes the need for research in this area.

Media in contemporary informational conflicts is one of the key tools of influence. At the same time, their role as a factor that manipulates the consciousness and behavior of the audience becomes increasingly important. A strong influence on the psychological state of a person, and his perception of the surrounding world, has the content, form and dynamics of messages transmitted by the media.

In the process of globalization of information processes, the intensity of the influence of the media and on the formation of political attitudes, value orientations, stereotypes in the minds of citizens is increasing.

The author notes that the current situation on the world stage is characterized by the increasing influence of the media as “soft power” – a tool of non-intrusive influence on the system of international relations. The emphasis on the use by world powers of military force as a priority means of ensuring state security has shifted towards flexible factors.

Key words: information, technology, media, conflict, information space, public opinion, strategy.

E.Sh. KHANOVA student at the Law Institute Bashkir State University Ufa, Russia

VIOLATION OF THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE AND RELIGION: PROBLEMS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS IN RUSSIA

In his paper, the author analyzes the reason for the adoption of the Federal law “On Amendments to Article 148 of the Criminal Code and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation with the Aim of Protecting Religious Convictions and Feelings of Citizens Against Insults” and puts forward its own suggestions concerning specifying some notation concepts of this law with the purpose of effective protection of freedom of conscience of citizens not professing any religion or holding other beliefs and opinions, evidently different from the religious ones.

Key words: freedom of conscience and religion, human rights, Constitution.

EURASIAN INTEGRATION

S.S. ZHILTSOV Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair at the Diplomatic Academy of the RF Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Professor at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION IN GEOPOLITICAL PROCESSES IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE (Part one)

Almost immediately after the collapse of the USSR in late 1991, new independent states faced the problem of establishing economic relations in the new geopolitical conditions. Herewith, a part of the post-Soviet states – Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova – did not support the initiatives to create integration associations, advocating for the weakening of economic relations with Russia and reorientation of foreign economic relations to European countries and the United States. Another group of states – Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, some of the Central Asian states – were supporters of economic integration, viewing it as an opportunity to preserve their industry and implement their industrialization plans. The need for economic cooperation was determined by the tasks of preservation of industrial potential, created during the Soviet Union, and the need to address the current social and economic problems. These two approaches determined different, often diametrically opposed approaches of post-Soviet countries to the integration and assessment of the prospects of their future relationships.

The problems of establishing cooperation on a new basis, proceeding from their national interests, were facing the post-Soviet countries since the collapse of the USSR. They have repeatedly tried to implement the integration projects. However, not all of them were successful because of the different approaches to the cooperation and unwillingness to transfer apart of national sovereignty. However, because of the internal political development and the need to maintain the existing economic potential, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan paid the greatest attention to the cooperation within the post-Soviet space. For the past twenty years, these countries have been the "core" of integration organizations, acting as consistent supporters of expanding trade and economic cooperation.

During the last five years, the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) has become one of the most promising integration projects, it unites Russia, Belarus Kazakhstan and Armenia. The formation of the EAEU was preceded by the projects on creation of the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space aimed broader cooperation and preservation of industrial potential.The creation of the EAEU became possible due to the increased interest of a number of post-Soviet countries in deeper cooperation on a multilateral basis.In addition, the difficult situation in industry, limited opportunities for the establishment and development of equal trade and economic relations with Western countries are forcing the post-Soviet states to turn to their neighbors. An additional factor in the development of integration interactions are domestic and foreign policy factors, first of all, the policy of non-regional states.

The article deals with the results of the Eurasian Economic Union, analyzes the factors that prevent expansion of cooperation of the EAEU member states, as well as consideres possible directions of development of the integration association.

Key words: Eurasian integration, Eurasian Economic Union, Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLITICS

V.F. PRYAKHIN D.Sc. (political science), Professor (International Relations Dept., RSHU), Professor (Diplomacy Dept., MGIMO-University), Moscow, Russia

WORLD POLITICAL PROCESS OF THE XXI CENTURY AS A WAR FOR “SOVIET LEGACY”

The global political process is the history of rivalry, confrontation and conflicts between different centers of power. For centuries the objects of these conflicts have been the so-called "vacuums of influence" formed as result of political influence loosing by different states and empires. The stages of this process are known as wars of Austrian, English, Spanish, French, etc. successions.

Nowadays, this classical political paradigm is adapted as peculiar «war of Soviet succession" – a kind of struggle for filling the far-fetched vacuum of power that was formed on the post-Soviet area. It is in this rivalry that the author of this article sees the sense of the policy of the Western powers in the Eurasian space.

But is it possible in the 21st century to repeat the classic stratagems of the Middle Ages? And if not, why? The author formulates the answers of his own to these questions.

Key words: center of power, superpower, multipolarity, globalization, global problems, sustainable development, global governance.

D.N. BERESNEV director of the Institute of international education Moscow state food production, Moscow, Russia

R.A. BERESNEV bachelor in international law of RUDN, Moscow, Russia

D.E. SLIZOVSKIY Professor of RUDN, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIAN-GERMAN SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND EDUCATIONAL COOPERATION: STATUS AND PROSPECTS

The article analyzes the state and prospects of cooperation between Russia and Germany on the basis of open sources. The aim was to show that education, scientific and technological cooperation make a serious contribution to mutual understanding of peoples and international cooperation. The governments, scientists, professors and lecturers of the universities of the two countries have set themselves ambitious plans for the next 10 years. At the same time, these plans are already based on long-term, diverse trust-based cooperation, which creates a seemingly reliable Foundation for such promising work, although there are and will likely be obstacles and difficulties for such cooperation. According to the results of our study, the nature of all kinds of obstacles and difficulties in the development of scientific and educational cooperation is determined not only by the difference between the Russian and German mentalities and the ways of thinking derived from them, approaches in the vision of the strategy of such cooperation. But also the attitude to the priorities in the structure of the global world order, its dominant subjects and ways to defend and protect their interests, including in the field of science, new technologies and education.

Key words: international cooperation between Russia and Germany, Russian-German cooperation in the field of science and education.

NRIAMBANUNA SUAMIRAI ALICE PhD student of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Madagascar

СURRENT STATE OF THE DEMOGRAPHICS OF MADAGASCAR

The article presents data on the demographic status of Madagascar to date. It determines the growth rate of the population of Madagascar. The article also describes the factors of growth in the country's population.

Key words: demographics, Madagascar, politics, birth, mortality, growth, population.

Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations”. Issue 4 (26), 2018.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Abdildin Zh.M., Abdildina R.Zh. Chingiz Aitmatov and the Collapse of the Soviet System
  • Zeifert E.I. Stereoscopic Picture of Chingiz Aitmatov’s World. “Big Little Man” as a Literary Type
  • Medvedev V.N. On the Issue of Constitutional and Legal Framework and Problems of the Executive Power Transformation in the Russian Federation

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION

  • Luzan A.A., Luzan S.A. Politics and Language
  • Medvedeva N.N. On the Issue of the Foreign Policy Image of the State
  • MD Sazedul Islam Political Violence and Terrorism in Bangladesh

STUDENT SCIENCE

  • Zavodova K.A. The Image of the Twentieth Century Through the Eyes of a New Generation

REVIEWS

Medvedev N.P., Beresnev R.A. New Generation about the Twentieth Century. Do we Bring our Truth to this World? // Review of the Article "Image of the Twentieth Century Through the Eyes of the New Generation" by K.A. Zavodova

Our authors № 4-2018

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Zh.M. ABDILDIN DSc in Philosophy, Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, Professor at the L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan

R.Zh. ABDILDINA DSc in Philosophy, Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, Head of the Department of Social and Humanitarian Sciences of the Kazakhstan Branch of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan

CHINGIZ AITMATOV AND THE COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET SYSTEM

Chingiz Aitmatov never asserted that the Soviet Union and the Communist Party would disappear from the map of the world nor that the Soviet governance system would cease to exist. But in his works the writer showed that the Soviet system was infected with a terrible, life-threatening disease. Aitmatov warned in his writings that if the Soviet system did not realize its illness and strive to get better, it would lead to the collapse of the Soviet state. Through his works, the writer showed that, along with honest people making up the healthy foundation of society, the number of immoral, indifferent, heartless people was steadily growing in the country. Far from being a remnant of the past, those people were the product of the Soviet system itself. At the same time, those disinterested, dishonest people began to infiltrate key government bodies, occupying prominent state and party positions, from where they proclaimed old party slogans and never tried to solve real issues of concern to the Soviet people. Having diagnosed the Soviet society, the writer expected that the system would find the strength to change its ideological, political and economic bases, supporting healthy elements of society, and thus perhaps survive. But as the system deliberately turned a blind eye to the negative developments, refusing to notice the signs of the deadly disease, this led to its collapse in the early 1990s.

Key words: man, society, spiritual values, the Soviet system, culture, morality.

E.I. ZEIFERT Dr. Sc. (Philology), Professor The Russian State Humanitarian University, the Institute of Philology and History, Department of Theoretical and Historical Poetics, The Institute of Ethnic-Cultural Education, Department of German Language and Literature Moscow, Russia

STEREOSCOPIC PICTURE OF CHINGIZ AITMATOV’S WORLD. “BIG LITTLE MAN” AS A LITERARY TYPE

The author of the article examines ChingizAitmatov’s novel “The Day Lasts More than a Hundred Years” (later published under the title translated as “Snowstorm Junction”) as an example of the author’s three-dimensional artistic vision which, on the one hand, is characteristic of him as a classical novelist (of national and world scale), and on the other hand, as a bilingual and bicultural author. Quote noteworthy is the way one language serves the in-depth needs of the other, (first) native language. In this novel the exchange of messages between genre models (philosophical novel, fantasy novel, dystopia, utopia) proceeds alongside the exchange of language messages. It draws a clear borderline between utopia and dystopia – Edigey’s expectations and his deceived hopes. The main text of the novel exchanges messages with the foreword (although Aitmatov himself declares that "he is not an enthusiast of all sorts of literary forewords and afterwords"). Aitmatov’s works, distinguished by an unmistakable ethnic flavor and mentality, are a precious contribution to world literature and its diversity of ethnic models and cultures. Aitmatov portrays a new type of "Big Little Man", a reincarnation of the stationmaster in the Soviet-era “period of stagnation” (reference to Alexander Pushkin’s “Station Master”). He places “a man possessing hardworking soul” into the very center of the Universe. According to G. Gachev’s interpretation, in Aitmatov’s “Snowstorm Junction” Cosmos appears in the guise of the endless steppe - the great Saryozeks; Psyche is clearly seen in the greatness of the soul of the man of the steppe; and Logos is symbolized by the ability to gauge oneself and the steppe and to live in harmony with it and respect for it.

Key words: Chingiz Aitmatov, classics, ethnic picture of the world, bilingualism, type of "the Big Little Man", national literature, world literature, simplification, life/death.

V.N. MEDVEDEV Candidate of Sciences (law), Assistant Professor at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Service, Head of the Department at the Moscow State Construction Supervision Committee, Moscow, Russia

ON THE ISSUE OF CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND PROBLEMS OF THE EXECUTIVE POWER TRANSFORMATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The article, devoted to the 25th anniversary of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, analyzes the constitutional and legal basis and mechanisms of interaction between the federal and sub-federal bodies of state power and the problems of strengthening by the President of Russia of the control over the observance by the state authorities of the Russian Federation constituent entities of the norms of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in the process of adoption of regional laws and other normative legal acts. The author calls all such changes legal transformations of the modern model of interaction between the federal and sub-federal bodies of executive power.

Кey words: Constitution of the Russian Federation, system of state power bodies, the President of Russia, the federal government, state authorities of the Russian Federation constituent entities, modern model of interaction, regional laws.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION

A.A. LUZAN D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Political Science, Head. Department of Philosophy and Social and Political Sciences, Donbass State Engineering Academy, Slavyansk, Ukraine

S.A. LUZAN PhD in Sociology, Moscow, Russia

POLITICS AND LANGUAGE

The article says that the language of political science should be understandable both to the electorate and to its fellow political scientists, where the foreign policy of the state is directed. The foreign policy of the Ukrainian state is aimed at rapprochement with the EU and the USA. The language of political science should reflect this in terms understood by the political scientists of the EU and the USA and its electorate.

More difficult is with Russia. The Ukrainian authorities managed to convince the political elites of the EU and the USA that it was the Russian Federation that was to blame for the civil war in Donbas. The geopolitical position of Ukraine contributes to the fact that the political elites of the EU and the USA, especially the latter, for this reason agree with the Ukrainian authorities.

Russia's foreign policy, in this situation, is directed to Asia. But China, which the Russian Federation is striving to take as its allies, is itself striving to become a superpower. But the cultural factor hampers this desire of the Chinese authorities. Political science originated in the West, and China itself looks to the West in this regard. In this case, the political elite of Russia should focus on its electorate and political analysts of Russia.

Key words: unipolar world, multipolar world, language of politics, language of political science, civil war in Ukraine, hybrid war, superpower, factors that make the state a superpower, inability of China to become a superpower, language of political science of the Russian Federation.

N.N. MEDVEDEVA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), scientific editor at the Science today publishing house, Moscow, Russia

ON THE ISSUE OF THE FOREIGN POLICY IMAGE OF THE STATE

The article reveals main provisions and problems of promoting the foreign policy image of the modern state. Special emphasis is put on the problems of the image of Russia in the conditions of Western sanctions against the Russian Federation.

Key words: foreign policy image of the state, economic sanctions, the image of the Russian Federation, image promoting technology.

MD SAZEDUL ISLAM Department of comparative politics People’s Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL VIOLENCE AND TERRORISM IN BANGLADESH

Political parties contribute to ensure justice and rights of all the citizens by the participation in the election and the formation of government and mobilize democratic process. From the political history of Bangladesh we notice that the winning party always enjoys the monopoly of power, which creates the situation of confrontation by the opposition parties. Consequently, a dominant aspect of the party system in Bangladesh is its culture of violence. It has become common place for political parties to engage in street violence. Because of the opposition parties having a little scope to operate the formal system .Striking or hartal has become one of the most popular medium to raise voice against the ruling party or government. Particularly before and after election mostly terrible incidents of the political violence are occurred. This chaotic political environment provides more space to the religious extremists to do terrorist activities in the country. By using the historical method the author analyses the role of political violence to increase terrorist activities in Bangladesh.

Key words: Violence, terrorism, Hartals, BNP, AL.

STUDENT SCIENCE

K.A. ZAVODOVA bachelor of Economics, RUDN faculty, Moscow, Russia

THE IMAGE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY THROUGH THE EYES OF A NEW GENERATION

In today's world, we are in the information space every day, every minute, every second. And under information pressure. There are huge amounts of necessary or unnecessary information around us. Including information stuff. Therefore, even if the lectures and seminars on the history you were asleep and never opened the textbook, the image of the surrounding centuries formed quite clearly. You may not know when he was born and died, for example, Lenin, but at the same time fully (or slightly fully) understand his role and place in history. The way modern youth sees, feels, perceives and understands the 20th century, in the near future will definitely make itself felt. Therefore, my essay is a narrative about the image of the 20th century, which has developed in the eyes of the new generation. The image, whose boundaries extend, say, from skepticism to neoauthoritarian. This is my story, which is based on the analysis of facts, events, moods and impressions. It is a free reflection as a way of cognition and understanding of modern realities over information on the most various, but at the same time and the most certain, aspects of Russian and world history, gleaned from printed and electronic sources.This is an attempt to comprehend the events of the 20th century and the ideas about it that I received in communication, in polemics, disputes with my friends, students of different universities, at meetings of the modern youth generation at a variety of discussion platforms and forums. I belong to this generation of young people. And in me there is a small part of the fronded attitude to the history of the twentieth century, which, I believe, is the General content of imaginative thinking and understanding of realities.

Key words: image, USSR, revolution, socialism, culture, relations between the generations, the current generation.

REVIEWS

NEW GENERATION ABOUT THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. DO WE BRING OUR TRUTH TO THIS WORLD? // REVIEW OF THE ARTICLE "IMAGE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY THROUGH THE EYES OF THE NEW GENERATION" BY K.A. ZAVODOVA

Reviewers:

N.P. Medvedev Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

R.A. Beresnev Bachelor at the Department of humanities and social sciences, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

The review provides a critical analysis of the article by the young researcher K.A. Zavodova, studying for the Bachelor’s Degree at the Economic Department of the RUDN University. The article is devoted to the perception of the history of the twentieth century by the modern new generation of young people and to the images of that era, events, facts and people formed or emerging in their minds. The reviewers pay attention to the methodological tools and specific conditions for the preparation of this study. The material presented in the article and the method of its description and analysis (a series of questions and answers to them, critical analysis of the students’ mentality strata, immersed in a certain context of the history of the twentieth century) are very curious and heuristic. In terms of the used methodology, the understanding of both new and already clearly emerging trends accompanying mass and group consciousness and understanding of the past are quite justified. It is also justified because it creates the space of images through the prism of just emerging and fragile experience and spontaneous reactions to the historical subjects on the part of the Russian society, which is just entering into an active life and operation. At the heart of the work, in the autjors’ opinion, is the methodology of metacognition, competing with the methodology of modernism and postmodernism; such methodology is not based on the negation and rejection of the past, characteristic of modernism and postmodernism, but on its adoption with all elements and manifestations using a new language of communication and through the language of images and associations. Reviewers positively evaluate such study-essay, because, according to them, it demonstrates a nontrivial approach to the assessment of youth and student thinking. Another positive feature is that the images of history can easily be used for conclusions about the features and specific manifestations of not only views regarding the history of the specific social strata of modern Russia, but also about specific features of the culture of historical thinking and comprehension of the historical past peculiar to the representatives of the Russian society. Emphasizing the subjectivity of the new generation that demonstrates new forms and ways of cognition and understanding of the history in the images of the twentieth century, the author of the article, probably, not knowingly, singled out one very important feature. She stressed that a trend of the Russian national specificity is that under the new influences in the public and civil life, the scientific and ordinary consciousness and thinking and the culture of historical knowledge of the new generation are transformed and modified under the influence of images of the new era and in relation to a new generation of citizens, to the degree that has not yet destroyed the stable forms of the national creative thinking. Perhaps, in this direction it is necessary to look for the stability and strength of the future of Russian civilization and Russian community, with the new generation already becoming the bearer of such ideals in the forms immanent for that generation with its images and styles of thinking and knowledge.

Key words: images of the twentieth century, new generation.

OUR AUTHORS

BERESNEV D.N. – director of the Institute of international education Moscow state food production, Moscow, Russia.

BERESNEV R.A. – bachelor of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

KHANOVA E.Sh. – student at the Law Institute Bashkir State University Ufa, Russia.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of Political Science, professor at The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

NRIAMBANUNA SUAMIRAI ALICE – PhD student of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Madagascar.

PRYAKHIN V.F. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Department of Area Studies and Foreign Policy, RSHU, Moscow, Russia.

SLIZOVSKIY D.E. – Professor of RUDN, Moscow, Russia.

SULEYMANOVA Sh.S. – Doctor of Political Sciences Professor of Public Relations and Media Policy Faculty of Journalism IGSU RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

ZHILTSOV S.S. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Head of the Chair at the Diplomatic Academy of the RF Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Professor at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia. </p

OUR AUTHORS

ABDILDIN Zh.M. – DSc in Philosophy, Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, Professor at the L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan.

ABDILDINA R.Zh. – DSc in Philosophy, Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, Head of the Department of Social and Humanitarian Sciences of the Kazakhstan Branch of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan.

BERESNEV R.A. – Bachelor at the Department of humanities and social sciences, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

LUZAN S.A. – PhD in Sociology, Moscow, Russia.

LUZAN A.A. – D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Political Science, Head. Department of Philosophy and Social and Political Sciences, Donbass State Engineering Academy, Slavyansk, Ukraine.

MEDVEDEVA N.N. – Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), scientific editor at the Science today publishing house, Moscow, Russia.

MEDVEDEV V.N. – Candidate of Sciences (law), Assistant Professor at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Service, Head of the Department at the Moscow State Construction Supervision Committee, Moscow, Russia.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

MD SAZEDUL ISLAM – Department of comparative politics People’s Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

ZAVODOVA K.A. – bachelor of Economics, RUDN faculty, Moscow, Russia.

ZEIFERT E.I. – DSc. (Philology), Professor, the Russian State Humanitarian University, the Institute of Philology and History, Department of Theoretical and Historical Poetics, The Institute of Ethnic-Cultural Education, Department of German Language and Literature, Moscow, Russia.

   
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